Situated in the central Dalmatian archipelago, the island of Lastovo is one of the most remotely inhabited islands in the whole Adriatic Sea. The first traces of the island’s human habitation date back to prehistorical periods (to approx. 8.500 B.C.), and they were mostly found in Rača cave.
During the Antiquity the island was firstly populated by Ilyrians who, judging by the remains of Greek ceramics in the area, extensively traded with nearby Greek colonies, that maybe also attempted to colonize Lastovo from the nearby island of Vis (then called Issa). Romans also have left the clear traces of long-lasting settlement of the island, whose clear remains are visible in today’s settlement of Uble, which was the island’s focal point during those times. One of the most important parts of the settlement is the archaeological park which includes villa rustica (country house) and basilica of St. Peter that dates back to the V. or VI. century.
Since Lastovo is relatively small island (41km2) it is quite distinctive that its major settlement, also called Lastovo, is not situated on the coast. The main reason is that during the Medieval times and Age of Discovery the threat of pirate attack was too high to remain in the previous settlement, which was abandoned and the main focal point of the island moved inland. The new settlement of Lastovo was established on the steep banks of the hills that form the naturally shaped theater, overlooking the fertile fields below and facing away from the sea.
To be continued….